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Oral Bioavailability Enhancement of Amisulpride: Complexation and its Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Evaluations

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 2 ]


Prajapati Jagruti B.*, Sawant Krutika K. and Bhramanand Dubey   Pages 132 - 144 ( 13 )


Background: Many CNS drugs have low bioavailability due to their poor water solubility of extensive first-pass metabolism and hence have less effectiveness.

Objective: The present study aims to enhance the solubility and oral bioavailability of poorly watersoluble antipsychotic drug Amisulpride (AMS) through complexation with 2-hydroxypropyl β- cyclodextrin (HPβCD). It has slow and erratic absorption after oral administration.

Methods: This report describes the study of the phase solubility diagram, preparation of the inclusion complex and tablet of prepared inclusion complex, characterization of the physico-chemical properties of the inclusion complex and tablet.

Results: In-vitro study (100 % drug release in 15 minutes), and in-vivo study of an AL-type (linear type) phase solubility diagram indicated a complex of AMS-HP-β-CD with the constant complex formation of 13245 M−1 at 37°C. The complex formation was confirmed by DSC, IR, and X-ray diffraction. The extent of absorption of the complex was determined in rats and was compared with that of pure drug and the market product. The peak plasma concentration of pure drug was 30.05 ± 1.3 ng/ml (Cmax) at 60 ± 3 min, whereas with the market product the value was 54.85 ± 1.2 ng/ml at 40 ± 1 min and with AMS-HPβCD inclusion complex the value was 79.01 ± 1.5 ng/ml. The AUCtot of the pure drug was 2980.34±3.6, the market product was 7238.73±2.9 and of the inclusion complex was 11871.1±2.8.

Conclusion: Pharmacodynamic studies in mice showed improved effectiveness of drug compared to pure drug. The oral bioavailability of AMS was improved from 48% to 78%.


Amisulpride (AMS), HP-β-CD, complexation, oral bioavailability, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics.


Ramanbhai Patel College of Pharmacy, Charotar University of Science and Technology, CHARUSAT Campus, Changa-388421, Anand, Gujarat, Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharaja, Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara-390001, Gujarat, Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharaja, Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara-390001, Gujarat

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