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Assessment of Inhibition of Bovine Hepatic Cytochrome P450 by 43 Commercial Bovine Medicines Using a Combination of In Vitro Assays and Pharmacokinetic Data from the Literature

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Steven X. Hu*, Chase A. Mazur and Kenneth L. Feenstra   Pages 123 - 131 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: There has been a lack of information about the inhibition of bovine medicines on bovine hepatic CYP450 at their commercial doses and dosing routes.

Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the inhibition of 43 bovine medicines on bovine hepatic CYP450 using a combination of in vitro assay and Cmax values from pharmacokinetic studies with their commercial doses and dosing routes in the literature.

Methods: Those drugs were first evaluated through a single point inhibitory assay at 3 μM in bovine liver microsomes for six specific CYP450 metabolisms, phenacetin o-deethylation, coumarin 7- hydroxylation, tolbutamide 4-hydroxylation, bufuralol 1-hydroxylation, chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylation and midazolam 1’-hydroxylation. When the inhibition was greater than 20% in the assay, IC50 values were then determined. The potential in vivo bovine hepatic CYP450 inhibition by those drugs was assessed using a combination of the IC50 values and in vivo Cmax values from pharmacokinetic studies at their commercial doses and administration routes in the literature.

Results: Fifteen bovine medicines or metabolites showed in vitro inhibition on one or more bovine hepatic CYP450 metabolisms with different IC50 values. Desfuroylceftiour (active metabolite of ceftiofur), nitroxinil and flunixin have the potential to inhibit one of the bovine hepatic CYP450 isoforms in vivo at their commercial doses and administration routes. The rest of the bovine medicines had low risks of in vivo bovine hepatic CYP450 inhibition.

Conclusion: This combination of in vitro assay and in vivo Cmax data provides a good approach to assess the inhibition of bovine medicines on bovine hepatic CYP450.

Keywords:

Bovine medicines, bovine hepatic CYP450, inhibition, drug interactions, nitroxinil, flunixin.

Affiliation:

Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Zoetis, Inc, 333 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI-49007, Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Zoetis, Inc, 333 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI-49007, Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Zoetis, Inc, 333 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI-49007

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