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Gender Difference of Hepatic and Intestinal CYP3A4 in CYP3AHumanized Mice Generated by a Human Chromosome-engineering Technique

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Kaoru Kobayashi*, Chihiro Abe, Mika Endo, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Mitsuo Oshimura and Kan Chiba   Pages 60 - 67 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is an important drug-metabolizing enzyme that is expressed in the liver and small intestine of humans. Various factors influence the expression of CYP3A4, but gender difference in CYP3A4 expression remains debatable.

Objective: To clarify gender difference of hepatic and intestinal CYP3A4 in CYP3A-humanized mice generated by a human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector system. The CYP3A-humanized (CYP3AHAC) mice have essential regulatory regions, including promoters and enhancers, and unknown elements affecting the expression of CYP3A4.

Methods: We examined the expression and activity of hepatic and intestinal CYP3A4 in male and female CYP3A-HAC mice. CYP3A activity was determined as α- and 4-hydroxylation activity of triazolam in liver and intestinal microsomes. Expression level of CYP3A protein was determined by Western blot analysis. Expression level of CYP3A4 mRNA was measured by quantitative real-time PCR.

Results: The results showed that triazolam hydroxylation activities and protein levels of CYP3A in the liver were significantly higher in female than in male CYP3A-HAC mice, whereas those in the intestine were not significantly different between the genders. In addition, the expression of CYP3A4 mRNA showed a tendency similar to that found for the activity and expression of CYP3A protein in the liver and intestine of CYP3A-HAC mice.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that the expression and activity levels of CYP3A4 in the liver are higher in females than in males, whereas there is no gender difference in the levels in the intestine of CYP3A-HAC mice.

Keywords:

CYP3A4, liver, intestine, sex, humanized mice, CYP3A-humanized mice.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8675, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Chromosome Engineering Research Center, Tottori University, 86 Nishi-cho, Yonago, Tottori, Chromosome Engineering Research Center, Tottori University, 86 Nishi-cho, Yonago, Tottori, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba

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